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Book Title: Selected Writings|
The author of the book: Thomas Aquinas
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 343 KB
Edition: Penguin Classics
Date of issue: January 1st 1999
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St. Thomas Aquinas A controversial figure in his own day, St. Thomas Aquinas forged a unique synthesis of faith and reason, of ancient philosophy and sacred scripture, which significantly influenced subsequent Catholic tradition and dogma. Intensely interested in Aristotle as well as Plato, Paul, and Augustine, Aquinas believed that unaided human thought can take us a long way toward wisdom and truth, although it must be supplemented by the central mystery of revelation. His writings contain many classic statements of doctrine about angels, the Incarnation, the Trinity, sacraments, and the soul along with penetrating discussions on choice, creation and conscience, law, logic, and the purpose of life. Arranged chronologically, this volume includes sermons, commentaries, responses to criticism, and important extracts from one of Christianity's supreme masterpieces, the Summa theologica. Ralph McInerny has added an informative Introduction on Aquinas's life and work and the reception of his ideas.
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Read information about the authorThomas Aquinas (sometimes styled Thomas of Aquin or Aquino), was a Dominican friar and priest notable as a scholastic theologian and philosopher. He is honored as a saint and "Doctor of the Church" in the Roman Catholic tradition.
Aquinas lived at a critical juncture of western culture when the arrival of the Aristotelian corpus in Latin translation reopened the question of the relation between faith and reason, calling into question the modus vivendi that had obtained for centuries. This crisis flared up just as universities were being founded. Thomas, after early studies at Montecassino, moved on to the University of Naples, where he met members of the new Dominican Order. It was at Naples too that Thomas had his first extended contact with the new learning. When he joined the Dominican Order he went north to study with Albertus Magnus, author of a paraphrase of the Aristotelian corpus. Thomas completed his studies at the University of Paris, which had been formed out of the monastic schools on the Left Bank and the cathedral school at Notre Dame. In two stints as a regent master Thomas defended the mendicant orders and, of greater historical importance, countered both the Averroistic interpretations of Aristotle and the Franciscan tendency to reject Greek philosophy. The result was a new modus vivendi between faith and philosophy which survived until the rise of the new physics. The Catholic Church has over the centuries regularly and consistently reaffirmed the central importance of Thomas's work for understanding its teachings concerning the Christian revelation, and his close textual commentaries on Aristotle represent a cultural resource which is now receiving increased recognition.
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